Equity, Equality, and Need: What Determines Which Value Will Be Used as the Basis of Distributive Justice?
Article first published online: 14 APR 2010
1975 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Journal of Social Issues
Volume 31, Issue 3, pages 137–149, Summer 1975
How to Cite
Deutsch, M. (1975), Equity, Equality, and Need: What Determines Which Value Will Be Used as the Basis of Distributive Justice?. Journal of Social Issues, 31: 137–149. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1975.tb01000.x
- Issue published online: 14 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 14 APR 2010
The concept of justice is discussed, and the thesis is advanced that “equity” is only one of the many values which may underlie a given system of justice. Hypotheses about the conditions which determine which values will be employed as the basis of distributive justice in a group are proposed, with discussion centered about the values of “equity,” “equality,” and “need” and the conditions which lead a group to emphasize one rather than another value.