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This paper summarizes legal and institutional definitions as well as policies that have been formulated to address the problem of sexual harassment in academic settings. To determine the level of information regarding the extent and nature of this problem, the paper also reviews and assesses current research on sexual harassment in academic institutions. It is concluded that, although legal, institutional, and operational definitions and conclusions regarding the frequency of this problem vary, there is documentation that sexual harassment is a serious problem in many academic institutions. Further research employing more consistent sampling and definitional procedures is needed to clarify the phenomenon and to provide a more effective framework for evaluating policies and procedures designed to deal with sexual harassment.