JOMILLS HENRY BRADDOCK II is Principal Research Scientist at the Center for Social Organization of Schools and Professor of Sociology at Johns Hopkins University. His broad research interests encompass issues of inequality and social justice including extensive examination of the long-term effects of school desegregation on black young adults and racial differences in career attainment. His related works include Institutional Discrimination: A Study of Managerial Recruitment in Professional Football.
How Minorities Continue to Be Excluded from Equal Employment Opportunities: Research on Labor Market and Institutional Barriers
Article first published online: 14 APR 2010
1987 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Journal of Social Issues
Volume 43, Issue 1, pages 5–39, Spring 1987
How to Cite
Braddock, J. H. and McPartland, J. M. (1987), How Minorities Continue to Be Excluded from Equal Employment Opportunities: Research on Labor Market and Institutional Barriers. Journal of Social Issues, 43: 5–39. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1987.tb02329.x
- Issue published online: 14 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 14 APR 2010
Barriers to equal occupational opportunities for minorities are examined at three stages of the employment process: the job candidate stage, the job entry stage, and the job promotion stage. Using the authors' recent survey of 4078 employers covering a nationally representative sample of jobs, four types of exclusionary barriers are investigated: “segregated networks” at the candidate stage, “information bias” and “statistical discrimination” at the entry stage, and “closed internal markets” at the promotion stage. Practical implications are drawn for equal employment opportunity policies directed toward occupational processes and employment outcomes.