WILLIAM ICKES is Professor of Psychology at the University of Texas at Arlington. He is a co-editor (with John Harvey and Robert Kidd) of the three-volume series, New Directions in Attribution Research, and is the editor of Compatible and Incompatible Relationships. Many of the ideas developed in the present article derive from his theory of sex role influences in dyadic interaction, versions of which were published in 1981 and 1985. For over 18 years, he has conducted research on unstructured dyadic interaction using a naturalistic observational procedure that he and his students have developed. His current research interests concern intersubjective phenomena in social cognition, with a special focus on metaperspective taking and empathic accuracy.
Traditional Gender Roles: Do They Make, and Then Break, our Relationships?
Version of Record online: 14 APR 2010
1993 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Journal of Social Issues
Volume 49, Issue 3, pages 71–85, Fall 1993
How to Cite
Ickes, W. (1993), Traditional Gender Roles: Do They Make, and Then Break, our Relationships?. Journal of Social Issues, 49: 71–85. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1993.tb01169.x
- Issue online: 14 APR 2010
- Version of Record online: 14 APR 2010
Despite societal pressure for change in traditional gender roles, the coevolution of genes and culture may still lead us to be attracted to potential mates whose appearance and behavior is stereotypically masculine or feminine. This attraction is ironic in light of a growing body of research evidence indicating that the relationships of men and women with traditional gender roles are far from optimal—and are generally worse than those of androgynous men and women. These seemingly paradoxical findings may reflect the conflict between what our genes and past culture dispose us to do and what our present culture prescribes.