ANITA P. BARBEE, who received the 1989 International Network on Personal Relationship's Dissertation Award for her experimental studies on interactive coping processes in close relationships, is now a Research Scientist in the Kent School of Social Work at the University of Louisville in Kentucky. She continues to publish in the area of social support and has also studied gender effects in perceptions of attractiveness in collaboration with Michael R. Cunningham. Dr. Barbee is on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships and Motivation of Emotion.
Effects of Gender Role Expectations on the Social Support Process
Article first published online: 14 APR 2010
1993 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Journal of Social Issues
Volume 49, Issue 3, pages 175–190, Fall 1993
How to Cite
Barbee, A. P., Cunningham, M. R., Winstead, B. A., Derlega, V. J., Gulley, M. R., Yankeelov, P. A. and Druen, P. B. (1993), Effects of Gender Role Expectations on the Social Support Process. Journal of Social Issues, 49: 175–190. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1993.tb01175.x
- Issue published online: 14 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 14 APR 2010
Based on a model of interactive coping activation, we review the impact of gender in the giving and receiving of emotion- and problem-focused social support. The research suggests that the female role (emphasizing nurturance and emotional expressiveness) makes it easier for women to activate social support from close relations as well as to provide social support; whereas the male role (emphasizing achievement, autonomy, emotional control) makes it difficult for men to seek and obtain social support. Type of support required (social-emotional vs. instrumental) may moderate when men and women are more effective in providing social support. The gender-linked model of social support activation may be useful in diagnosing interpersonal problems in providing and obtaining social support.