VICTORIA ESSES is an associate professor of psychology at the University of Western Ontario in London, Canada. Her research interests are in the area of inter-group relations, prejudice, and discrimination. She is particularly interested in ethnic relations and attitudes toward immigrants and immigration. She received the 1992 Otto Klineberg Intercultural and International Relations Award with Geoffrey Haddock and Mark Zanna for work on the role of values, stereotypes, and emotions in predicting intergroup attitudes. She is currently a member of the SPSSI Council and is in the process of organizing the SPSSI International Conference on Immigrants and Immigration.
Intergroup Competition and Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Immigration: An Instrumental Model of Group Conflict
Article first published online: 9 APR 2010
1998 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Journal of Social Issues
Volume 54, Issue 4, pages 699–724, Winter 1998
How to Cite
Esses, V. M., Jackson, L. M. and Armstrong, T. L. (1998), Intergroup Competition and Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Immigration: An Instrumental Model of Group Conflict. Journal of Social Issues, 54: 699–724. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1998.tb01244.x
- Issue published online: 9 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 9 APR 2010
High levels of worldwide migration paired with increasingly negative attitudes toward immigrants and immigration in host countries indicate that it is crucial to gain an understanding of the bases of these attitudes. This article discusses one determinant of negative attitudes toward immigrants and immigration: perceived competition for resources. We present our instrumental model of group conflict, which suggests that competition for resources, and attempts to remove this competition, are important determinants of intergroup attitudes and behavior. We then review relevant research on perceived competition and attitudes toward immigrants and immigration. We conclude by discussing the implications of this research for attempts to alleviate tension between immigrants and members of host populations, and for our more general model of group conflict.