BRUCE D. BARTHOLOW received his Master of Science in experimental psychology from Drake University, and currently is a doctoral student in social psychology at the University of Missouri, where he also is pursuing a minor in research methodology and statistics. His primary research interests relate to stereotyping and expectancies, intergroup attitudes, and social cognition in general. In addition, he has studied the influence of individual differences in expectancy accessibility on the relation between expectancies and alcohol use. While at Missouri, Bruce has been a research assistant in several labs, and currently holds a Robert S. Daniel Psychology Teaching Fellowship.
The Importance of Status Legitimacy for Intergroup Attitudes Among Numerical Minorities
Article first published online: 9 APR 2010
1998 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Journal of Social Issues
Volume 54, Issue 4, pages 759–775, Winter 1998
How to Cite
Bettencourt, B. A. and Bartholow, B. D. (1998), The Importance of Status Legitimacy for Intergroup Attitudes Among Numerical Minorities. Journal of Social Issues, 54: 759–775. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1998.tb01247.x
B. ANN BETTENCOURT is an associate professor of social psychology at the University of Missouri. She is currently a council member of SPSSI. In 1996, she coedited (with Michele A. Wittig) an issue of the Journal on grassroots organizing, and in past years, she served on various SPSSI task forces and committees. Her research primarily focuses on the areas of intergroup conflict and cooperation, stereotype expectancy violation, and group identification.
- Issue published online: 9 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 9 APR 2010
This study investigated whether the legitimacy of the status structure influences the interactive effects of group status and numerical representation on intergroup attitudes. Participants were randomly assigned to conditions in a 2 (level of status; high, low) by 2 (legitimacy of status; legitimate, illegitimate) by 2 (numerical representation; majority, minority) between-subjects design. The predicted three-way interaction indicated that, when status was illegitimate, majority groups with high status showed more ingroup bias than majority groups with low status, but minority groups with high status did not show more ingroup bias than their counterparts with low status. By comparison, when status was legitimate, high-status groups were more biased than low-status groups, regardless of numerical representation.