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Multiracial Identity Integration: Perceptions of Conflict and Distance among Multiracial Individuals


*Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Chi-Ying Cheng, School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Level 4, 90 Stamford Road, Singapore, 178903, Republic of Singapore [e-mail:].


This article examines how multiracial individuals negotiate their different and sometimes conflicting racial identities. Drawing from previous work on bicultural identity integration (seeBenet-Martínez & Haritatos, 2005), we proposed a new construct, multiracial identity integration (MII), to measure individual differences in perceptions of compatibility between multiple racial identities. We found that MII is composed of two independent subscales: racial distance that describes whether different racial identities are perceived as disparate, and racial conflict that describes whether different racial identities are perceived as in conflict. We also found that recalling positive multiracial experiences increased MII, while recalling negative multiracial experiences decreased MII. These findings have implications for understanding the psychological well-being of multiracial individuals, and the development of social policy and programs catered to this population.