Preparation of this manuscript was supported by a Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award individual predoctoral fellowship from the National Institute of Mental Health, 1F31MH080651, awarded to the first author. Results of this work were presented at the 7th biennial meeting of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues in June 2008. We thank Shondell Diaz, Karen Grudzinski, Zahra Nims, and Sarah Pennington for help with data collection and coding.
Revealing Concealable Stigmatized Identities: The Impact of Disclosure Motivations and Positive First-Disclosure Experiences on Fear of Disclosure and Well-Being
Article first published online: 2 SEP 2010
© 2010 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Journal of Social Issues
Volume 66, Issue 3, pages 570–584, September 2010
How to Cite
Chaudoir, S. R. and Quinn, D. M. (2010), Revealing Concealable Stigmatized Identities: The Impact of Disclosure Motivations and Positive First-Disclosure Experiences on Fear of Disclosure and Well-Being. Journal of Social Issues, 66: 570–584. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2010.01663.x
Stephenie R. Chaudoir is now at Department of Psychology, Bradley University.
- Issue published online: 2 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 2 SEP 2010
People who live with concealable stigmatized identities face complex decisions regarding disclosure. In the current work, we examine how people's motivations for disclosing a concealable stigmatized identity for the first time affect the quality of their first-disclosure experiences and how these experiences, in turn, affect current well-being. Specifically, we found that people who disclosed for ecosystem, or other-focused, reasons report more positive first-disclosure experiences which, in turn, were related to higher current self-esteem. Analyses suggest that one reason why this first-disclosure experience is related to current well-being is because positive first-disclosure experiences may serve to lessen chronic fear of disclosure. Overall, these results highlight the importance of motivational antecedents for disclosure in impacting well-being and suggest that positive first-disclosure experiences may have psychological benefits over time because they increase level of trust in others.