The work reported here was supported by the following grants and awards to the authors: National Cancer Institute (NCI): U01CA114583 & 1U54CA154606-01 (Albrecht, Penner, & Eggly); NCI: R03 CA 130588 (Eggly); NCI: R01 CA 139014 & R01 CA 119202 (Griggs); National Institute of Child Health and Development: 1R21HD050445001A1, SPSSI Sages Award (Penner); NCI: 1R01CA152425-0 (Orom & Underwood); NCI: 1U54CA153598-01, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Harold Amos Award; AUA Foundation/Astellas Award (Underwood).
Life-Threatening Disparities: The Treatment of Black and White Cancer Patients
Article first published online: 25 JUN 2012
© 2012 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Journal of Social Issues
Special Issue: The Reality of Contemporary Discrimination in the United States: The Consequences of Hidden Bias in Real World Contexts ISSUE EDITORS Jason A. Nier and Samuel L. Gaertner
Volume 68, Issue 2, pages 328–357, June 2012
How to Cite
Penner, L. A., Eggly, S., Griggs, J. J., Underwood, W., Orom, H. and Albrecht, T. L. (2012), Life-Threatening Disparities: The Treatment of Black and White Cancer Patients. Journal of Social Issues, 68: 328–357. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2012.01751.x
- Issue published online: 25 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 25 JUN 2012
Cancer mortality and survival rates are much poorer for Black patients than for White patients. We argue that Black–White treatment disparities are a major reason for these disparities. We examine three specific kinds of Black–White treatment disparities: disparities in information exchange in oncology interactions, disparities in the treatment of breast cancer, and disparities in the treatment of clinically localized prostate cancer. In the final section, we discuss possible causes of these disparities, with a primary focus on communication within medical interactions and the role that race-related attitudes and beliefs may play in the quality of communication in these interactions.