This manuscript provides an introduction to the JSI special issue on The Intersection of Psychology and Globalization. We provide both theoretical and applied rationale for why the discipline of psychology would be well served by entering into the academic discourse on globalization. We present a multifaceted definition of globalization and review extant social science research on globalization that speaks to the psychological implications of globalization. We also discuss Bronfrenbrenner's ecological model as an appropriate theoretical framework to link individual health, behavior and attitudes to macro socioeconomic processes. With this as a backdrop we introduce each of the manuscripts in this special issue with a focus on their specific contributions to developing a theoretical and empirical foundation for understanding and responding to the relationship between psychology and globalization.