What Influences What and How Second and Foreign Language Teachers Teach?
Article first published online: 20 OCT 2011
1997 The Modern Language Journal
The Modern Language Journal
Volume 81, Issue 1, pages 67–79, Spring 1997
How to Cite
CROOKES, G. (1997), What Influences What and How Second and Foreign Language Teachers Teach?. The Modern Language Journal, 81: 67–79. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4781.1997.tb01627.x
- Issue published online: 20 OCT 2011
- Article first published online: 20 OCT 2011
This article discusses certain influences on second and foreign language (S/FL) teachers and their teaching. I take the social contexts of teaching in schools as of primary concern because despite claims that teaching is a profession, its members often operate under conditions of far less autonomy than many of those in more prestigious professions. I go on to consider both the negative and positive aspects of the role of administrations on S/FL teachers and suggest administrative support for teacher development as an important means to improvement. The article also discusses FL teacher education and research in light of various criticisms that have been levelled at it and introduces the additional perspective of critical applied linguistics, which, I argue, may help to rectify some of the problems.