MJBK was supported by VIDI and VICI grants from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. CHZ was supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, RJM by NICHD grant HD 39017 subcontract, PV by the Nuffield Foundation, MHvIJ by the SPINOZA prize from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, JF by Wereldkinderen, and MRG by grants from the US National Institute of Mental Health: 080905, 078105, and 079513.
III. ATTACHMENT AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN INSTITUTIONAL CARE: CHARACTERISTICS AND CATCH UP
Article first published online: 21 DEC 2011
© 2011 The Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
Volume 76, Issue 4, pages 62–91, December 2011
How to Cite
Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., Steele, H., Zeanah, C. H., Muhamedrahimov, R. J., Vorria, P., Dobrova-Krol, N. A., Steele, M., van IJzendoorn, M. H., Juffer, F. and Gunnar, M. R. (2011), III. ATTACHMENT AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN INSTITUTIONAL CARE: CHARACTERISTICS AND CATCH UP. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 76: 62–91. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5834.2011.00628.x
- Issue published online: 21 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 21 DEC 2011
- Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. Grant Numbers: VIDI, VICI
- NICHD. Grant Number: HD 39017
- Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research
- US National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Numbers: 080905, 078105, 079513
Attachment has been assessed in the extreme environment of orphanages, but an important issue to be addressed in this chapter is whether in addition to standard assessment procedures, such as the Strange Situation, the lack of a specific attachment in some institutionalized children should be taken into account given the limits to the development of stable relationships in institutionalized care. In addition, this chapter discusses disinhibited or indiscriminately friendly behavior that is often seen in institutionalized children. Enhanced caregiving quality alone appears to be insufficient to diminish indiscriminate behavior, at least in some children, as evidenced by the persistence of indiscriminate behavior in children adopted out of institutions into adoptive families. We suggest that the etiology and function of indiscriminate, “friendly” behavior may be different for institutionalized versus not-institutionalized children. In the first case it may reflect a distortion or disruption of early attachment relationships; in the latter case it is likely to result from the lack of expected input in the form of contingent interactions with a stable caregiver in early life. We try to delineate infant and caregiver characteristics that are associated with secure attachment in institutional settings, given the inevitable fact that large numbers of infants worldwide are being raised, and will be raised, in contexts of institutional care. We conclude that much further study is needed of the development of children's attachments following adoption out of an institutional setting.