The writing of this chapter was made possible by funds from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Nelson), Richard David Scott endowment (Nelson), and the National Institute of Mental Health, R01 MH068857 (Gunnar).
V. THE NEUROBIOLOGICAL TOLL OF EARLY HUMAN DEPRIVATION
Article first published online: 21 DEC 2011
© 2011 The Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
Volume 76, Issue 4, pages 127–146, December 2011
How to Cite
Nelson, C. A., Bos, K., Gunnar, M. R. and Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2011), V. THE NEUROBIOLOGICAL TOLL OF EARLY HUMAN DEPRIVATION. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 76: 127–146. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5834.2011.00630.x
- Issue published online: 21 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 21 DEC 2011
- John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Nelson)
- National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Number: R01 MH068857
Children raised in institutions frequently suffer from a variety of behavioral, emotional, and neuropsychological sequelae, including deficits in attention, executive functions, disorders of attachment, and in some cases a syndrome that mimics autism. The extent and severity of these disorders appear to be mediated, in part, by the age at which the child entered and, in some cases, left the institution. Here we review the neurobiological literature on early institutionalization that may account for the psychological and neurological sequelae discussed in other chapters in this volume.