An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston. This research was supported by grants SES-0201650, SES-9975063, and SES-0241282 from the National Science Foundation.
Threat, Anxiety, and Support of Antiterrorism Policies
Version of Record online: 18 MAY 2005
American Journal of Political Science
Volume 49, Issue 3, pages 593–608, July 2005
How to Cite
Huddy, L., Feldman, S., Taber, C. and Lahav, G. (2005), Threat, Anxiety, and Support of Antiterrorism Policies. American Journal of Political Science, 49: 593–608. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2005.00144.x
- Issue online: 18 MAY 2005
- Version of Record online: 18 MAY 2005
The perception of threat and the experience of anxiety are distinct but related public reactions to terrorism. Anxiety increases risk aversion, potentially undercutting support for dangerous military action, consistent with terrorists' typical aims. Conversely, perceived threat increases a desire for retaliation and promotes animosity toward a threatening enemy, in line with the usual goals of affected governments. Findings from a national telephone survey confirm the differing political effects of anxiety and perceived threat. The minority of Americans who experienced high levels of anxiety in response to the September 11 attacks were less supportive of aggressive military action against terrorists, less approving of President Bush, and favored increased American isolationism. In contrast, the majority of Americans who perceived a high threat of future terrorism in the United States (but were not overly anxious) supported the Bush administration's antiterrorism policies domestically and internationally.