We thank Mark Schneider, Brad Jones, Bill Berry, and Jonathan Feinstein for comments at various points in the research, and Steven Rubin and John Veresh at EPA for their help in obtaining the enforcement data. The research was supported by the National Science Foundation under grant SES-0215426, but this study does not necessarily reflect the views of NSF.
Cooptation or Transformation? Local Policy Networks and Federal Regulatory Enforcement
Article first published online: 20 DEC 2005
American Journal of Political Science
Volume 50, Issue 1, pages 81–97, January 2006
How to Cite
Scholz, J. T. and Wang, C.-L. (2006), Cooptation or Transformation? Local Policy Networks and Federal Regulatory Enforcement. American Journal of Political Science, 50: 81–97. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2006.00171.x
- Issue published online: 20 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 20 DEC 2005
Local policy networks can aid federal agencies, but they can also coopt federal resources for unintended purposes. Our empirical study finds that effective local networks increase both enforcement and compliance rates for the Clean Water Act. We discuss the circumstances under which effective networks can transform political culture, enhancing enforcement and compliance even in conservative areas generally opposed to regulation. The modified detection-controlled estimation procedure enables us to utilize official enforcement records from 1994 to 2000 to study both enforcement and compliance.