The authors would like to thank editors and anonymous reviewers, as well as Fred Boehmke, Brian Crisp, Martha Derthick, Laura Evans, Matt Golder, Sona Golder, Keith Hamm, Greg Huber, Gary Moncrief, Chris Mooney, Kira Sanbonmatsu, Joe Soss, Pev Squire, and seminar and conference participants at Florida State University, Indiana University, the University of Iowa, the University of Michigan, The Ohio State University, Washington University, Yale University, the Midwest Political Science Association meetings, and the State Politics and Policy meetings for helpful comments. We are also indebted to Angela Enciso, Tracy Finlayson, Ken Moffett, and Jacob Nelson for valuable research assistance, to The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation for financial support, and to Jamie Chriqui for providing us with the updated version of the National Cancer Institute's State Cancer Legislative Database. In addition, local tobacco control ordinance data was provided by the American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation Local Tobacco Control Ordinance Database©.
Bottom-Up Federalism: The Diffusion of Antismoking Policies from U.S. Cities to States
Article first published online: 19 SEP 2006
American Journal of Political Science
Volume 50, Issue 4, pages 825–843, October 2006
How to Cite
Shipan, C. R. and Volden, C. (2006), Bottom-Up Federalism: The Diffusion of Antismoking Policies from U.S. Cities to States. American Journal of Political Science, 50: 825–843. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2006.00218.x
- Issue published online: 19 SEP 2006
- Article first published online: 19 SEP 2006
Studies of policy diffusion often focus on the horizontal spread of enactments from one state to another, paying little or no attention to the effects of local laws on state-level adoptions. For example, scholars have not tested whether local policy adoptions make state action more likely (through a snowball effect) or less likely (through a pressure valve effect). This study conducts the first comprehensive analysis of vertical policy diffusion from city governments to state governments, while simultaneously examining the influence of state-to-state and national-to-state diffusion. Focusing on three different types of antismoking laws, we find evidence that policies do bubble up from city governments to state governments. State politics are crucial to this relationship, however, as local-to-state diffusion is contingent on the level of legislative professionalism and the strength of health advocates in the state.