Norman Schofield is professor of political science, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130 (firstname.lastname@example.org). Gary Miller is professor of political science, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130 (email@example.com).
Elections and Activist Coalitions in the United States
Article first published online: 19 JUN 2007
American Journal of Political Science
Volume 51, Issue 3, pages 518–531, July 2007
How to Cite
Schofield, N. and Miller, G. (2007), Elections and Activist Coalitions in the United States. American Journal of Political Science, 51: 518–531. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2007.00265.x
- Issue published online: 19 JUN 2007
- Article first published online: 19 JUN 2007
Formal models of voting have emphasizd the mean voter theorem, that all parties should rationally adopt identical positions at the electoral mean. The lack of evidence for this assertion is a paradox or contradiction in need of resolution. This article attempts to resolve this paradox by considering an electoral model that includes “valence” or nonpolicy judgements by voters of party leaders. The theorem is used to suggest that Republican success depends on balancing the opposed demands of economic and social conservatives. Democrat success in future elections resides in overcoming the policy demands of economic liberals and gaining support from cosmopolitans—the socially liberal but economically conservative potential supporters of the party.