Thanks to Bill Clark, Rob Franzese, Jay Goodliffe, Kirk Hawkins, Mona Lyne, Irfan Nooruddin, Sven Wilson, and participants at seminars at the University of Michigan and Brigham Young University for comments on earlier drafts of this article. We also thank three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.
The Personal Vote and the Efficacy of Education Spending
Article first published online: 18 JAN 2008
American Journal of Political Science
Volume 52, Issue 1, pages 109–124, January 2008
How to Cite
Hicken, A. and Simmons, J. W. (2008), The Personal Vote and the Efficacy of Education Spending. American Journal of Political Science, 52: 109–124. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2007.00302.x
- Issue published online: 18 JAN 2008
- Article first published online: 18 JAN 2008
In this article we explore the ways in which incentives to cultivate a personal vote affect the efficiency of education spending in developing democracies. We argue that where the electoral system provides incentives for political particularism, resources are allocated less efficiently and the effect of increased spending on literacy is diminished. We test our hypotheses using data on education spending and performance in over 40 developing democracies since 1980. We find that though personal vote systems spend just as much on education as party vote systems, particularism in personal vote systems dampens the marginal effect of increased education spending on illiteracy and at its highest levels, incentives to cultivate a personal vote completely undermine the positive effects of increased education spending on literacy.