Yanna Krupnikov is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science, Indiana University, 210 Woodburn Hall, Bloomington, IN 47405 (email@example.com).
When Does Negativity Demobilize? Tracing the Conditional Effect of Negative Campaigning on Voter Turnout
Article first published online: 13 JUN 2011
©2011, Midwest Political Science Association
American Journal of Political Science
Volume 55, Issue 4, pages 797–813, October 2011
How to Cite
Krupnikov, Y. (2011), When Does Negativity Demobilize? Tracing the Conditional Effect of Negative Campaigning on Voter Turnout. American Journal of Political Science, 55: 797–813. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2011.00522.x
I would like to thank John Geer for sharing his advertising data. I also thank Rebecca Jones of the American National Election Studies for her help in obtaining 2000 and 2004 ANES geographic data. I thank Nathaniel Birkhead, Ted Brader, Bryce Corrigan, Carolina de Miguel Moyer, Erika Fowler, John Jackson, Shanna Kirschner, Richard Lau, Adam Seth Levine, Arthur Lupia, Spencer Piston, David Peterson, David Redlawsk, Travis Ridout, Nicholas Valentino, Frank Yates, and the three anonymous reviewers for their feedback.
- Issue published online: 12 OCT 2011
- Article first published online: 13 JUN 2011
Appendix 1W: 2004 National Annenberg Election Survey Robustness Checks
Appendix 1WA: Changes in Specifications of Controls
Appendix 1WB: National Annenberg Election Survey Replication: Changes in Estimation Techniques
Appendix 1WC: Full Replication
Appendix 2W: American National Election Study Replication: Changes in Control Variables
Appendix 2WA: Late Negativity Model
Appendix 2WB: Full Replication
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