Cindy D. Kam is Associate Professor of Political Science, Vanderbilt University, PMB 0505, Nashville, TN 37203 (email@example.com). Donald R. Kinder is the Philip E. Converse Collegiate Professor of Political Science, University of Michigan, 5753 Haven Hall, Ann Arbor, MI 48109–1045 (firstname.lastname@example.org). Electronic files for replicating all results are available at https://my.vanderbilt.edu/cindykam upon publication.
Ethnocentrism as a Short-Term Force in the 2008 American Presidential Election
Version of Record online: 18 JAN 2012
© 2012, Midwest Political Science Association
American Journal of Political Science
Volume 56, Issue 2, pages 326–340, April 2012
How to Cite
Kam, C. D. and Kinder, D. R. (2012), Ethnocentrism as a Short-Term Force in the 2008 American Presidential Election. American Journal of Political Science, 56: 326–340. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2011.00564.x
- Issue online: 16 APR 2012
- Version of Record online: 18 JAN 2012
Faced with a choice between John McCain and Barack Obama, voters in 2008 were swayed by the familiar play of factors—party identification, policy preferences, and economic conditions—but also, we find, by ethnocentrism, a deep-seated psychological predisposition that partitions the world into ingroups and outgroups—into “us” and “them.” The effect of ethnocentrism was significant and substantial, and it appeared over and above the effects due to partisanship, economic conditions, policy stances, political engagement, and several varieties of conservatism. Two features of Obama were primarily responsible for triggering ethnocentrism in 2008: his race and his imagined Muslim faith. As such, we demonstrate that ethnocentrism was much more important in 2008 than in the four presidential elections immediately preceding 2008, and we show that it was much more important in the actual contest between Senator McCain and Senator Obama than in a hypothetical contest between Senator McCain and Senator Clinton.