This article claims that the major alternative models of contemporary democratic theory—the aggregative, deliberative, and agonistic models—are grounded on a norm of self-determination, but each conceptualizes this self-determination in a different, and one-sidedly narrow, way. G.W.F. Hegel provides a conceptual scheme in which to understand the development and synthesize the insights of these three articulations of self-determination. He also argues that the political embodiment of a complete self-determination must be founded on economic self-interest, though a self-interest expanded to a concern for the common good through the experience of self-government in one's economic and political associations. Thus, rather than separating economic and political spheres, as contemporary democratic theorists do, Hegel makes a case that modern self-determination requires a structural harmony between these spheres.