We thank Gary Jacobson, Keith Krehbiel, Doug Kriner, Jeff Lewis, and Keith Poole for data used in this project. We also gratefully acknowledge John Aldrich, Michael Bailey, Matthew Beckmann, Adam Berinsky, Chris Berry, Steve Callander, Charles Cameron, Brandice Canes-Wrone, Saul Jackman, Simon Jackman, Jeff Jenkins, Thad Kousser, Keith Krehbiel, Nolan McCarty, Eric Oliver, Eric Schickler, Boris Shor, Betsy Sinclair, Rob Van Houweling, five anonymous reviewers, and participants in seminars at Berkeley, Chicago, Duke, Notre Dame, Stanford, and Texas A&M for helpful comments and suggestions. For financial support, we thank the National Science Foundation, the Bradley Foundation, and the Program on Political Institutions at the University of Chicago. Mateusz Tomkowiak provided capable research assistance. All replication files can be accessed through the AJPS Dataverse at http://dvn.iq.harvard.edu/dvn/dv/ajps/faces/study/StudyPage.xhtml?globalId=hdl:1902.1/18254. Supplementary appendices are available at the AJPS website.
War, the Presidency, and Legislative Voting Behavior
Version of Record online: 5 SEP 2012
©2012, Midwest Political Science Association
American Journal of Political Science
Volume 57, Issue 1, pages 150–166, January 2013
How to Cite
Howell, W. G. and Rogowski, J. C. (2013), War, the Presidency, and Legislative Voting Behavior. American Journal of Political Science, 57: 150–166. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2012.00619.x
- Issue online: 2 JAN 2013
- Version of Record online: 5 SEP 2012
- 2006. “Foreign Policy and the Electoral Connection. Annual Review of Political Science 9: 477–502. , , , , and .
- 1978. “Voting Change in Congress: Some Dynamic Perspectives on an Evolutionary Process. American Journal of Political Science 22: 391–425. , and .
- 2007. “Comparable Preference Estimates across Time and Institutions for the Court, Congress and Presidency. American Journal of Political Science 51: 433–48. .
- 2001. “Ideal Point Estimation with a Small Number of Votes: A Random-Effects Approach. Political Analysis 9: 192–210. , and .
- 2008. “The Relationships between Mass Media, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy: Toward a Theoretical Synthesis. Annual Review of Political Science 11: 39–65. , and .
- 1995 (1888). The American Commonwealth . Indianapolis , IN : Liberty Fund. .
- 2008. “Toward a Broader Understanding of Presidential Power: A Reevaluation of the Two Presidencies Thesis. Journal of Politics 70: 1–16. , , and .
- 2006. “Judicial Decision-Making during Wartime. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies 3: 397–419. .
- 2004. “The Statistical Analysis of Roll Call Voting: A Unified Approach. American Political Science Review 98: 355–70. , , and .
- 2008. “Expert Opinion, Agency Characteristics, and Agency Preferences. Political Analysis 16: 3–20. , and .
- 1982. “The Impact of the Modern Presidency on Presidential Success in the U.S. Congress. Legislative Studies Quarterly 7: 515–32. .
- Congressional Record . 107th Congress, 1st session, 2001. Vol. 147, no. 118.
- Congressional Record . 107th Congress, 2nd session, 2002. Vol. 148, no. 14.
- 1947. Total War and the Constitution . New York : Alfred A. Knopf. .
- 1957. The President, Office, and Powers, 1787-1948: History and Analysis of Practice and Opinion . New York : New York University Press. .
- 1963 (1840). Democracy in America . New York : Alfred A. Knopf. .
- 2005. “The Supreme Court during Crisis: How Wars Affect Only Non-War Cases. New York University Law Review 80: 1–116. , , , and .
- 1982. “How Interest Groups Select Issues for Rating Voting Records on Members of the U.S. Congress. Legislative Studies Quarterly 7: 401–13. .
- 1991. Extraordinary Measures: The Exercise of Prerogative Powers in the United States . Pittsburgh, PA : University of Pittsburgh Press.
- 2004. Command of Office: How War, Secrecy, and Deception Transformed the Presidency from Theodore Roosevelt to George W. Bush . New York : Basic Books. .
- 1995. “House Members Who Become Senators: Learning from a ‘Natural Experiment’ in Representation. Legislative Studies Quarterly 20: 513–29. , , and .
- 1999. “Comparing Interest Group Scores across Time and Chambers: Adjusted ADA Scores for the U.S. Congress. American Political Science Review 93: 33–50. , , and .
- 1994. “Unfastening the Electoral Connection: The Behavior of U.S. Representatives When Reelection Is No Longer a Factor. Journal of Politics 56: 214–27. , , and .
- 1986. “Ambition in the House: Behavioral Consequences of Higher Office Goals among U.S. Representatives. American Journal of Political Science 30: 651–65. .
- 2011. “Presidential Power in War. Annual Review of Political Science 1: 89–105.
- 2005. “Testing Theories of Lawmaking.” In Social Choice and Strategic Decisions: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey S. Banks , ed. David Austen-Smith and John Duggen. New York : Springer, 249–68. , , and .
- 2010. “Unpredictable Voters in Ideal Point Estimation. Political Analysis 18: 151–71. .
- 1993. “The ‘Two Presidencies’ in Future Research: Moving Beyond Roll-Call Analysis. Congress & the Presidency 20: 103–17. , and .
- 1987. “Political Cheating. Public Choice 52: 169–86. .
- 1990. “Attendance Rates, Political Shirking, and the Effect of Post-Elective Office Employment. Economic Inquiry 28: 133–50. .
- 1993. “Time Series Evidence on Shirking in the U.S. House of Representatives. Public Choice 76: 126–49. , and .
- 2002. “Dynamic Ideal Point Estimation via Markov Chain Monte Carlo for the U.S. Supreme Court, 1953-1999. Political Analysis 10: 134–53. , and .
- 2005. “Wars and American Politics. Perspectives on Politics 3: 473–93. .
- 2001. “The Hunt for Party Discipline in Congress. American Political Science Review of Economic Design 95: 673–87. , , and .
- 1993. “Presidential Support in Congress: Conflict and Consensus on Foreign and Defense Policy. Journal of Politics 55: 569–87. .
- 2000. “Dynamics of Congressional Loyalty: Party Defection and Roll Call Behavior, 1947-1997. Legislative Studies Quarterly 25: 417–44. .
- 2004. “Congressional Party Defection in American History. Legislative Studies Quarterly 29: 545–68. , and .
- 2002. “Coalition Building and Overcoming Legislative Gridlock in Foreign Policy, 1947-98. Presidential Studies Quarterly 32: 67–83. .
- 1993. “Ideology, Shirking, and Representation. Public Choice 131: 435–51. , and .
- Ideology, Shirking, and Representation. Public Choice 131: 435–51. , and . 1993. “
- 1981. “Dimensions of Interest Group Evaluation of the U.S. Senate, 1969-1978. American Journal of Political Science 25: 49–67. .
- 2007. “Changing Minds? Not in Congress! Public Choice 131: 435–51.
- Ideology, Shirking, and Representation. Public Choice 131: 435–51. , and . 1993. “
- 1997. Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting . New York : Oxford University Press. , and .
- 2007. Terror in the Balance: Security, Liberty, and the Courts . New York : Oxford University Press. , and .
- 2001. “Congress Support of the President: A Comparison of Foreign, Defense, and Domestic Policy Decision Making during and after the Cold War. Presidential Studies Quarterly 31: 660–78. , and .
- 1956. The American Presidency: The Powers and Practices, the Personalities and Problems of the Most Important Office on Earth . Princeton , NJ : Princeton University Press. .
- 2005 (1948). Constitutional Dictatorship: Crisis Government in the Modern Democracies . New York : Transaction. .
- 1973. The Imperial Presidency . Boston : Houghton Mifflin. .
- 2004. War and the American Presidency . New York : W. W. Norton. .
- 2010. “Congressional Deference to Executive Interests during Times of War.” Presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Atlanta. , and .
- 2010. “A Bridge to Somewhere: Mapping State and Congressional Ideology on a Cross Institutional Common Space. Legislative Studies Quarterly 35: 417–48. , , and .
- 1992. “Artificial Extremism in Interest Group Ratings. Legislative Studies Quarterly 17: 319–45. .
- 2011. The Judicial Power of the Purse: How Courts Fund National Defense in Times of Crisis . Chicago : University of Chicago Press. .
- 2011. “Roll Call Votes.” In Oxford Handbook on Congress , ed. Eric Schickler and Frances Lee. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 575–97. , , and .
- 2010. “Where Does the President Stand? Measuring Presidential Ideology. Political Analysis 18: 124–36. .
- 1991. “Does the Decision to Retire Increase the Amount of Political Shirking? Public Finance Review 19: 444–56. .
- 1998. “Congress, the President, and the End of the Cold War. Journal of Conflict Resolution 42: 440–66. , and .
- 2009. Crisis and Command: A History of Executive Power from George Washington to George W. Bush . New York : Kaplan Publishing. .