PLANNING FOR TRUCK FLEET SIZE IN THE PRESENCE OF A COMMON-CARRIER OPTION

Authors


Abstract

This paper considers a class of network optimization problems in which certain directed arcs must be covered by a set of cycles. Our study was motivated by a distribution planning problem of a commercial firm that had to make deliveries over several origin-destination pairs (directed arcs) and that could service any demand arc by using a vehicle in its own fleet or by paying a common carrier. The problem is to determine an optimal fleet size and the resulting vehicle routes while satisfying maximum route-time restrictions. We formulate the problem, describe some approximate solution strategies, and discuss important implementation issues.

Ancillary