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The Impact of Nonprofit Collaboration in Early Child Care and Education on Management and Program Outcomes


Sally Coleman Selden is an associate professor at Lynchburg College. Her current research focuses on strategic human resource management in state governments and the impact of collaboration on nonprofit organizational effectiveness. She has published articles in the American Journal of Political Science, Administration & Society, American Review of Public Administration, Review of Public Personnel Administration, Journal of Public Administration Education, Public Administration Review, and the Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory.

Jessica E. Sowa is an assistant professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of South Carolina. Her research focuses on public and nonprofit management, including human resource management, nonprofit organizational effectiveness, and collaborative service delivery.

Jodi Sandfort is an associate professor at the Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota, where she teaches courses on public and nonprofit management.


The use of interorganizational relationships such as collaboration, partnerships, and alliances between public, private, and nonprofit organizations for the delivery of human services has increased. This article contributes to the growing body of knowledge on collaboration by exploring one kind of interorganizational relationship—interagency collaboration—in the field of early care and education. It examines variations within interagency collaborations and their impact on management and program outcomes. The findings show that interagency collaboration has a clear impact on management, program, and client outcomes: Specifically, the intensity of the collaborative relationship has a positive and statistically significant impact on staff compensation, staff turnover, and school readiness.