Chinese Foreign Policy Making: A Comparative Perspective


Yufan Hao is a professor of political science and dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities at the University of Macau. He earned his PhD from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies in 1989. He has published widely on Chinese politics, Chinese foreign relations, and U.S.–China relations in such journals as Asian Survey, Asian Perspective, Journal of Democracy, Journal of Contemporary China, and China Quarterly. His latest books include Challenges to Chinese Foreign Policy: Diplomacy, Globalization, and the Next World Power (University Press of Kentucky, 2009) and Chinese Foreign Policy Making: Societal Forces in Chinese American Policy Making (Ashgate, 2005).

Ying Hou is a doctoral candidate in international relations at the University of Macau. She obtained her bachelor's degree in French language and literature from Nanjing University in 2001 and a master's degree in international relations from Fudan University in 2004. She has published articles on international relations theory, Chinese foreign relations, and China's information, industry as well as Macau–U.S. and Macau–European Union relations. Her dissertation focuses on the role of media as a societal force on Chinese foreign policy making.


As one of the fastest growing economies in the world, many wonder what kind of international behavior an increasingly powerful China will demonstrate in the future. Will it be a responsible state on the world stage? The article aims to understand Chinese foreign policy making from a comparative perspective. By using the neoclassical realist approach, key features of Chinese foreign policy as well as possible future alternatives for its implementation are outlined. The essay concludes that significant changes in Chinese foreign policy in recent years are remarkably similar to those of other major powers.