Testing the Development and Diffusion of E-Government and E-Democracy: A Global Perspective

Authors


Chung-pin Lee is an assistant professor in the Department of Public Administration at Tamkang University in Taiwan. In 2007-2008, he was a Fulbright visiting scholar in the Askew School of Public Administration and Policy at Florida State University. His research interests are public policy, e-governance, and deliberative democracy.
E-mail:chungpin.lee@gmail.com

Kaiju Chang is a PhD Candidate in the Askew School of Public Administration and Policy at Florida State University. She studies theories of strategic management in the public sector, public policy, and public management innovation and diffusion.
E-mail:kc07e@fsu.edu

Frances Stokes Berry is the Frank Sherwood Professor of Public Administration in the Askew School of Public Administration and Policy at Florida State University. Her research interests are innovation and diffusion, performance and strategic management, and networks and policy implementation.
E-mail:fberry@fsu.edu

Abstract

E-government uses information and communication technology to provide citizens with information about public services. Less pervasive, e-democracy offers greater electronic community access to political processes and policy choices. Few studies have examined these twin applications separately, although they are widely discussed in the literature as distinct. The authors, Chung-pin Lee of Tamkang University and Kaiju Chang and Frances Stokes Berry of Florida State University, empirically analyze factors associated with the relative level of development of e-government and e-democracy across 131 countries. Their hypotheses draw on four explanations of policy change—learning, political norms, competition, and citizen pressures. All four explanations are strongly linked to nations where e-government policy is highly advanced, whereas a country’s e-democracy development is connected to complex internal factors, such as political norms and citizen pressures.

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