*Direct correspondence to B. Paige Miller, Louisiana State University, 126 Stubbs Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Upon request, the authors will share coding and other analytic decisions. This article presents results from a series of studies conducted between 1994 and 2002 in Kerala, Kenya, and Ghana funded by the Netherlands Development Assistance Research Council and the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant 0113545 (International Program; STS Program; Program on Information Technology Research). The authors particularly thank Paul Mbatia, Dan-Bright Dzorgbo, Ricardo Duque, and Marcus Ynalvez, without whom this study would not have been possible.
Gender and Science in Developing Areas: Has the Internet Reduced Inequality?*
Article first published online: 3 AUG 2006
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 87, Issue 3, pages 679–689, September 2006
How to Cite
Paige Miller, B., Sooryamoorthy, R., Anderson, M., Palackal, A. and Shrum, W. (2006), Gender and Science in Developing Areas: Has the Internet Reduced Inequality?. Social Science Quarterly, 87: 679–689. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2006.00403.x
- Issue published online: 3 AUG 2006
- Article first published online: 3 AUG 2006
Objective. This article examines the impact of the Internet on the research careers of female scientists in three developing areas: Ghana, Kenya, and Kerala, India. Most empirical studies of gender and science focus on the developed world, yet theoretical accounts emphasize more extreme differences in developing areas. Limited evidence from Africa and Asia shows gender inequity is restricted to a few key dimensions, broadly related to differences in human and social capital. Specifically, women are less likely to acquire an advanced degree and more likely to experience educational and organizational “localism.” Such localism is related to constraints on physical mobility that are widely expected to diminish with the introduction of the Internet.
Methods. Using longitudinal data on 1,147 scientists in Ghana, Kenya, and south India, we examine gender differences in human and social capital by conducting a series of t tests and chi-square tests.
Results. We show that higher education and Internet access increased dramatically, but localism has not been reduced significantly and may be increasing.
Conclusions. This finding casts doubt on the presumption that the removal of communication constraints will soon reduce career differentials resulting from the mobility constraints on women professionals.