Objective. Although high levels of black-white residential segregation have long been observed, relatively little is known about the residential patterns of black immigrants. This analysis examines the role of nativity and Hispanic ethnicity for the residential patterns of blacks in the United States.
Methods. This article uses data from the 2000 Census to calculate dissimilarity indexes and conduct regression analyses.
Results. We find differences in the extent of segregation of blacks from whites, with Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic black immigrants exhibiting higher levels of segregation from whites than U.S.-born non-Hispanic blacks.
Conclusions. The strength of nativity and socioeconomic status provides some support for spatial assimilation theory. Metropolitan context also plays a role in explaining residential patterns: one reason foreign and Hispanic blacks are very segregated from whites is that they tend to reside in metropolitan areas where black-white segregation has generally been high. Despite the role of these factors, race itself remains of great importance in explaining residential patterns, as segregation from whites is high among all black subgroups.