*Direct correspondence to Thaddieus W. Conner, Department of Political Science, 205 Dale Hall Tower, 455 W. Lindsey St., University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 〈firstname.lastname@example.org〉. The first author will share all data for purposes of replication, and will provide copies of tables that are discussed but not presented in the article due to space considerations. This is a revised version of a paper presented at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Social Science Association, Albuquerque, New Mexico. The first author expresses his gratitude to the Department of Government at New Mexico State University for all its support, and both authors thank Diane-Michele Prindeville and the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.
The Impact of Gaming on the Indian Nations in New Mexico*
Article first published online: 15 JAN 2009
© 2009 by the Southwestern Social Science Association
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 90, Issue 1, pages 50–70, March 2009
How to Cite
Conner, T. W. and Taggart, W. A. (2009), The Impact of Gaming on the Indian Nations in New Mexico. Social Science Quarterly, 90: 50–70. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2009.00602.x
- Issue published online: 15 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 15 JAN 2009
Objective. This study examines the economic and social impact of Indian gaming on the residents of the 22 pueblos and tribes in New Mexico.
Method. We employ a naturally occurring quasi-experimental design that classifies each of the Indian Nations into one of two groups, gaming and nongaming, depending on the continuous operation of a “Las Vegas” style casino for multiple years in the 1990s. For these two groups we compare aggregate, primarily U.S. Census, data spanning 25 indicators in both 1990 and 2000.
Results. Although improvements were evident for both groups, nine of the 12 economic measures and six of the 13 social measures revealed a growing disparity favoring gaming nations during the 1990s, while six other measures suggested declining but continuing differences. These findings persisted in light of controls for population and urbanization, though many of the economic differences disappeared for the rural nations.
Conclusion. Gaming has had a positive economic and social impact on the gaming pueblos and tribes in New Mexico, especially for the more urbanized nations. The gaming nations are enjoying higher incomes, lower levels of poverty, and improvements in selected social areas compared to those nations opting not to pursue casino gaming in the 1990s.