*Direct correspondence to Christine Pappas, East Central University 〈firstname.lastname@example.org〉. Dr. Pappas will share all data and coding information with those wishing to replicate the study. An earlier version of this article was presented at the Southwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting April 15, 2006 in San Antonio, Texas. The order of authors is arbitrary.
The Negative Effects of Populism on Gay and Lesbian Rights*
Article first published online: 15 JAN 2009
© 2009 by the Southwestern Social Science Association
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 90, Issue 1, pages 150–163, March 2009
How to Cite
Pappas, C., Mendez, J. and Herrick, R. (2009), The Negative Effects of Populism on Gay and Lesbian Rights. Social Science Quarterly, 90: 150–163. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2009.00608.x
- Issue published online: 15 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 15 JAN 2009
Objective. The objective of this article is to examine the degree to which populist features of state governments affect minority interests, particularly gays, lesbians, and bisexuals (GLB)
Method. We examine the effects of specific institutional features that affect state government responsiveness to majority preferences on GLB policies: bans on same-sex marriage and hate crime. We also control for variations in political environment.
Results. Features that increase popular control over policy making and policymakers advance anti-GLB policies but have little effect on pro-GLB policies; however, legislative term limits have the opposite effect. Further, constituency size and senators' term length increases both types of policies.
Conclusions. The findings indicate that an unpopular minority is likely to be harmed by populist features that increase the role of citizens and may be helped by features that shield legislators from majoritarian preferences.