The authors will share all data and coding with those wishing to replicate the study.
The Reverse Environmental Gender Gap in China: Evidence from “The China Survey”*
Article first published online: 11 OCT 2011
© 2012 by the Southwestern Social Science Association
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 93, Issue 1, pages 1–20, March 2012
How to Cite
Shields, T. and Zeng, K. (2012), The Reverse Environmental Gender Gap in China: Evidence from “The China Survey”*. Social Science Quarterly, 93: 1–20. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2011.00802.x
- Issue published online: 15 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 11 OCT 2011
This article explores gender differences in attitudes about the seriousness of the environment as a problem in China using the “2008 China Survey.”
We use generalized ordered logit models to analyze survey respondents’ environmental attitudes.
Our results indicate that there is indeed a “gender gap” in environmental attitudes in China, but the pattern is reversed from what has been generally found in previous work conducted in the United States and Europe. Chinese men, not women, show a greater concern about environmental problems and the seriousness of the environmental degradation in China. Further, we find that this gender gap is based largely in the substantial economic and educational differences between men and women in contemporary China.
This study emphasizes the mediating influence of socioeconomic variables in explaining gender attitudes toward the environment in China. Our findings suggest that in different contexts, women may be faced with difficult decisions between immediate economic necessities and long-term environmental concerns. The observed environmental gender gap in China will likely persist unless further economic development results in improved access to education and economic conditions for Chinese women.