The authors would like to thank the Committee to Aid Faculty Research at Providence College, which helped to fund this research. The authors shall share all data and coding for replication purposes.
Men and Women Lobbyists in the American States†
Article first published online: 13 MAR 2012
© 2012 by the Southwestern Social Science Association
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 93, Issue 2, pages 394–414, June 2012
How to Cite
Lucas, J. C. and Hyde, M. S. (2012), Men and Women Lobbyists in the American States. Social Science Quarterly, 93: 394–414. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2012.00841.x
- Issue published online: 7 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 13 MAR 2012
This study compares men and women lobbyists who work in the American states in 1995 and 2005, arguing in contrast to previous research that there is a consistent pattern of sex differences that cannot be explained by differential patterns of experience.
Men and women are contrasted across three dimensions using original survey data from lobbyists in all 50 states. First, we examine lobbyists' background and experience, such as having previously held political office and years of experience lobbying. Second, differences between tactics employed by men and women are investigated. Third, the article draws a distinction between the attitudes of male and female lobbyists toward their profession.
Differences between men and women within the three dimensions are found in both sets of data, with changes generally smaller in 2005.
Unlike previous studies, we find differences among male and female lobbyists in their background, strategies, and attitudes, but the gap between them is moderate and in some cases has decreased.