The authors will share all data and coding with those wishing to replicate the study.
Examining the Gender Gap in Life Expectancy: A Cross-National Analysis, 1980–2005†
Article first published online: 22 JUN 2012
© 2012 by the Southwestern Social Science Association
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 93, Issue 3, pages 820–837, September 2012
How to Cite
Clark, R. and Peck, B. M. (2012), Examining the Gender Gap in Life Expectancy: A Cross-National Analysis, 1980–2005. Social Science Quarterly, 93: 820–837. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2012.00881.x
- Issue published online: 7 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 22 JUN 2012
This study examines predictors of the gender gap in life expectancy across a large cross-national sample.
We employ random effects and fixed effects models of the gender difference (female–male) and gender ratio (female/male) in life expectancy during the 1980–2005 period.
Women's status, traditional male hazards, and development/modernization processes tend to widen the gender gap in life expectancy. In addition, income inequality expands the gender gap, while female representation in parliament reduces it. We argue that these latter effects are a function of (1) the steeper socioeconomic gradient for men in predicting mortality and (2) the protection of economically vulnerable groups by female parliamentarians, which provides greater health returns to males.
Advances in gender equity along economic, political, and cultural lines appear to exert countervailing effects, both expanding and reducing the gender gap in mortality.