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Objective

This study systematically investigates the factors that determine sending country openness or restrictiveness regarding intercountry adoption. It hypothesizes that larger orphan populations, greater global interconnectedness, and accession to the Hague Convention are associated with greater openness, whereas the political empowerment of women and larger Islamic populations are expected to be associated with greater restrictiveness.

Methods

The study employs an original, global data set to empirically test the significance of the hypothesized factors in explaining a country's openness to intercountry adoption.

Results

The study finds that burgeoning orphan populations are associated with greater openness to intercountry adoption and women's presence in political decision making is associated with greater restrictiveness.

Conclusion

The findings call into question the effectiveness of the current intercountry adoption regime.