The Web Appendix is available at 〈http://levente.littvay.hu/appendices/ssq.pdf〉.
Validity of Survey Response Propensity Indicators: A Behavior Genetics Approach†
Version of Record online: 13 DEC 2012
© 2013 by the Southwestern Social Science Association
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 94, Issue 2, pages 569–589, June 2013
How to Cite
Littvay, L., Popa, S. A. and Fazekas, Z. (2013), Validity of Survey Response Propensity Indicators: A Behavior Genetics Approach. Social Science Quarterly, 94: 569–589. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2012.00938.x
- Issue online: 1 MAY 2013
- Version of Record online: 13 DEC 2012
This study explains how behavior genetic analysis using a twin design can help us assess the validity of our measures.
We test multiple indicators of response propensity, a measure used by survey researchers to better understand the similarities and differences between survey respondents and nonrespondents. The response propensity indicators evaluated include response to follow-up surveys and subsequent waves of a panel and the completion of a sensitive recontact information sheet to aid subsequent recontact efforts.
A classical and the newly proposed method of validation all point to insufficient validity of our response propensity measures. Construct validation using data from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States exhibited little correlation between indicators. Genetic analysis suggests that the success of subsequent data-collection efforts is predominantly driven by additive genetic effects, while nonresponse to inquiries for recontact information is influenced predominantly by familial environmental predictors.
Our results indicate that different underlying constructs drive the response propensity indicators, suggesting that nonresponse is, at minimum, multidimensional.