COSMOLOGY, SOCIETY, AND HUMANITY: TIAN IN THE GUODIAN TEXTS (PART II)

Authors

  • SHIRLEY CHAN

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    1. MACQUARIE UNIVERSITY, Sydney, Australia
      SHIRLEY CHAN, Senior Lecturer, Chinese Studies, Department of International Studies, Macquarie University. Specialties: traditional Chinese thought, Chinese philosophy, early Chinese texts. E-mail: shirley.chan@mq.edu.au
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SHIRLEY CHAN, Senior Lecturer, Chinese Studies, Department of International Studies, Macquarie University. Specialties: traditional Chinese thought, Chinese philosophy, early Chinese texts. E-mail: shirley.chan@mq.edu.au

Abstract

In this sequel of my previous publication, I will continue my discussion of the word tianinline image as it appears in the Guodian texts. I shall argue that, from natural order arises xinginline image, human's distinctive potentiality, which is endowed by heaven to follow and be guided by the heavenly principle. I thereafter will elaborate the sages' role as cultural creators. The distinct roles of heaven and humanity are further deepened when tian and minginline image are perceived as the determinants of an individual's success or failure. I will go on to show how the word tian can be understood as the source or underlying pattern that brings about coincidental or synchronous events and experiences.

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