Information Asymmetries and Security Market Design: An Empirical Study of the Secondary Market for U.S. Government Securities

Authors

  • STEVEN R. UMLAUF

    Search for more papers by this author
    • London Business School, Sussex Place, Regent's Park, London, NW1 4SA. This paper is based on Chapter I of my MIT Ph.D. dissertation. I thank the members of my dissertation committee, Robert Pindyck (Chairman), Stewart Myers, and Antonio Mello for their contributions. I also thank Carlos Bachrach, Ravi Bhushan, David Brown, Jose DeGregorio, Anthony Neuberger, Neil Pearson, Mitchell Petersen, Jim Poterba, Danny Quah, Nancy Rose, Mark Rzcepczynski, Tom Stoker, Lars Stole, Chester Spatt, and Paul Zacharias for comments on earlier drafts. I would also like to thank Goldman, Sachs & Co. for providing the opportunity to conduct this research as a summer intern.

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the empirical implications of an information asymmetry between primary and secondary dealers in the U.S. Government Securities market. This asymmetry arises because primary dealers are permitted to trade through all brokers operating in the marketplace while secondary dealers are restricted to trade through only a subset of brokers. Brokers distribute valuable information over video screens to their trading clients including dealers' up-to-date bid-ask spreads and recent transaction prices. As such, all brokers' video screen information is available to primary dealers, while only a subset of brokers' information is available to secondary dealers. Empirical analyses detect the resulting information asymmetry.

Ancillary