Post-Merger Performance of Bank Holding Companies, 1987–1998

Authors


  • The authors would like to acknowledge the helpful comments of two anonymous referees.

Abstract

This paper examines the results of material mergers between bank holding companies (BHCs). Merged BHCs experience post-merger profitability below the industry average. The market reaction to the merger announcements is significantly negative. The most important causes of the poor post-merger performance are credit quality and the inadequate generation of fee income. Asset mix and capitalization also play a major part. The controllability of these items demonstrates the management challenge associated with a material merger.

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