Avoiding Fundamentalism and Relativism: A Pluralist Lutheran Theology


  • Paul O. Ingram

    1. Paul O. Ingram taught history of religions at Pacific Lutheran University until his retirement in 2006. His most current publications are Buddhist-Christian Dialogue in an Age of Science (Rowman & Littlefield, 2008), The Process of Buddhist-Christian Dialogue (James Clarke, 2011), and Theological Reflections at the Boundaries (Wipf & Stock, 2011).
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Abstract:  In this essay I argue that the following defining principles of Luther's theology can support a pluralistic theology of religions that avoids the pitfalls of Christian fundamentalism and postmodernism's debilitating relativism: sola scriptura, extra nos, “In, With, and Under,”“Three Uses of the Law,”“Two Realms,”“the hidden and revealed God,” and theologia crucis. A Lutheran can be a pluralist, too, and in the twenty-first century, ought to be.