Defining International Entrepreneurship and Modeling the Speed of Internationalization


  • Submitted to Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice April 2005. Many thanks to Stephanie Fernhaber for helpful comments on drafts of the article

Benjamin M. Oviatt, Department of Managerial Sciences, P.O. Box 4014, College of Business Administration, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4014; tel.: (404) 651-3021; fax: (404) 651-2896; email:, and to Patricia P. McDougall, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, 1309 E. Tenth Street, Bloomington, IN 47405-1701; tel.: (812) 855-7873; email:


This article provides a reformulated definition of international entrepreneurship. Consistent with the new definition, a model is presented of how the speed of entrepreneurial internationalization is influenced by various forces. The model begins with an entrepreneurial opportunity and depicts the enabling forces of technology, the motivating forces of competition, the mediating perceptions of entrepreneurs, and the moderating forces of knowledge and networks that collectively determine the speed of internationalization.