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Entrepreneurial Perceptions and Intentions: The Role of Gender and Culture

Authors

  • Rachel S. Shinnar,

    Corresponding author
    1. Walker College of Business at the Appalachian State University
      Rachel S. Shinnar, tel.: 828-262-7314; e-mail: shinnarrs@appstate.edu, to Olivier Giacomin at olivier.giacomin@tudor.lu, and to Frank Janssen at frank.janssen@uclouvain.be.
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  • Olivier Giacomin,

    Corresponding author
    1. Public Research Center Henri Tudor, Luxembourg
      Rachel S. Shinnar, tel.: 828-262-7314; e-mail: shinnarrs@appstate.edu, to Olivier Giacomin at olivier.giacomin@tudor.lu, and to Frank Janssen at frank.janssen@uclouvain.be.
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  • Frank Janssen

    Corresponding author
    1. Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain School of Management
      Rachel S. Shinnar, tel.: 828-262-7314; e-mail: shinnarrs@appstate.edu, to Olivier Giacomin at olivier.giacomin@tudor.lu, and to Frank Janssen at frank.janssen@uclouvain.be.
    Search for more papers by this author

Rachel S. Shinnar, tel.: 828-262-7314; e-mail: shinnarrs@appstate.edu, to Olivier Giacomin at olivier.giacomin@tudor.lu, and to Frank Janssen at frank.janssen@uclouvain.be.

Abstract

This paper examines how culture and gender shape entrepreneurial perceptions and intentions within Hofstede's cultural dimensions framework and gender role theory. We test whether gender differences exist in the way university students in three nations perceive barriers to entrepreneurship and whether gender has a moderating effect on the relationship between perceived barriers and entrepreneurial intentions across nations. Findings indicate significant gender differences in barrier perceptions. However, this gap is not consistent across cultures. Also, a moderating effect of gender on the relationship between barriers and entrepreneurial intentions is identified. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

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