Africa and the Middle East

Women in Iran from 1800 to the Islamic Republic. Edited by Lois Beck and Guity Nashat. (Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 2004. Pp. xiii, 288. $45.00.) Oregon State University Reviewed by Jonathan G. Katz

Wahhabi Islam: From Revival and Reform to Global Jihad. By Natana J. Delong-Bas. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. ix, 370. $35.00.) Princeton University Reviewed by Lawrence Rosen

Slavery and Beyond: The Making of Men and Chikunda Ethnic Identities in the Unstable World of South-Central Africa, 1750–1920. By Allen F. Isaacman and Barbara S. Isaacman. (Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann, 2004. Pp. xii, 370. $29.95.) University of Iowa Reviewed by James L. Giblin

Basotho and the Mines: A Social History of Labour Migrancy in Lesotho and South Africa, c. 1890–1940. By Eddy Tshidiso Maloka. (Darkar, Senegal: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2004. Pp. 257. $47.95.) University of Kansas Reviewed by Surendra Bhana

The Americas

Popular Culture in the Age of White Flight: Fear and Fantasy in Suburban Los Angeles. By Eric Avila. (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 2004. Pp. xiii, 308. $39.95.) Northern Arizona University Reviewed by Dickson A. Mungazi

In the Presence of Mine Enemies: The Civil War in the Heart of America, 1859–1863. By Edward L. Ayers. (New York, N.Y.: W. W. Norton, 2003. Pp. xxi, 471. $15.95.) Adelphi University Reviewed by Lester Baltimore

Vicksburg: The Campaign That Opened the Mississippi. By Michael B. Ballard. (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Pp. xv, 490. $39.95.) University of Virginia's College at Wise Reviewed by Brian S. Wills

Black Life on the Mississippi: Slaves, Free Blacks and the Western Steamboat World. By Thomas C. Buchanan. (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Pp. xv, 256. $32.50.) Norfolk State University Reviewed by Tommy L. Bogger

1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft & Debs—The Election That Changed the Country. By James Chace. (New York, N.Y.: Simon & Schuster, 2004. Pp. x, 323. $25.95.) Service Employees International Union, Wisconsin State Council Reviewed by Robert Alexander Kraig

Negotiating Conquest: Gender and Power in California, 1770s–1880s. By Miroslava Chávez-García. (Tucson, Ariz.: University of Arizona Press, 2004. Pp. xxvi, 240. $39.95.) Duke University Reviewed by Sarah Deutsch

British Supporters of the American Revolution, 1775–1783: The Role of the “Middling Level” Activists. By Sheldon S. Cohen. (Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell Press, 2004. Pp. xvi, 181. $75.00.) University of Vermont Reviewed by Jacqueline B. Carr

Seeking Justices: The Judging of Supreme Court Nominees. By Michael Comiskey. (Lawrence, Kans.: University Press of Kansas, 2004. Pp. vii, 287. $40.00.) Washington State University Reviewed by Cornell W. Clayton

Politics and Reform in Spain and Vicerega/Mexico: The Life and Thought of Juan de Palafox, 1600–1659. By Cayetana Alvarez de Toledo. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. 366. $85.00.) University of Evansville Reviewed by J. Burton Kirkwood

The Civil Rights Movement. By Bruce J. Dierenfield. (New York: Pearson Longman, 2004. Pp. xi, 190. $22.99.) Temple University Reviewed by Joseph R. Fitzgerald

The Legend of John Wilkes Booth: Myth, Memory, & a Mummy. By C. Wyatt Evans. (Lawrence, Kans.: University Press of Kansas, 2004. Pp. xv, 269. $24.95.) Keele University Reviewed by Martin Crawford

Victoria Woodhull's Sexual Revolution: Political Theater and the Popular Press in Nineteenth-Century America. By Amanda Frisken. (Philadelphia, Pa.: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004. Pp. ix, 225. $37.50.) St. Cloud State University Reviewed by William E. Huntzicker

Awaiting Armageddon: How Americans Faced the Cuban Missile Crisis. By Alice L. George. (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2003. Pp. xxiii, 238. $29.95.) University of Hawai'i at Manoa Reviewed by Margot A. Henriksen

The Invention of the Creek Nation, 1670–1763. By Steven C. Hahn. (Lincoln, Nebr.: University of Nebraska Press, 2004. Pp. ix, 338. $59.95.) Dickinson College Reviewed by Wendy St. Jean

Sweatshop: The History of an American Idea. By Laura Hapke. (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2004. Pp. v, 202. $22.95.) Shippensburg University Reviewed by Susan Rimby

A New Andalucia and a Way to the Orient: The American Southeast During the Sixteenth Century. By Paul E. Hoffman. (Baton Rouge, La.: Louisiana State University Press, 2004. Pp. xviii, 353. $22.95.) University of Massachusetts–Dartmouth Reviewed by Magali M. Carrera

Race Over Empire: Racism and U.S. Imperialism, 1865–1900. By Eric T. L. Love. (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Pp. xii, 245. $19.95.) New York City College of Technology Reviewed by Edward S. Kaplan

Lucasville: The Untold Story of a Prison Uprising. By Staughton Lynd. (Philadelphia, Pa.: Temple University Press, 2004. Pp. 244. $16.95.) Marshall University Reviewed by Donna J. Spindel

Brothels, Bordellos, & Bad Girls: Prostitution in Colorado, 1860–1930. By Jan MacKell. (Albuquerque, N. Mex.: University of New Mexico Press, 2004. Pp. xviii, 310. $24.95.) Colorado Historical Society Reviewed by Andy Stine

Commander of All Lincoln's Armies: A Life of General Henry W. Halleck. By John F. Marszalek. (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2004. Pp. 314. $24.95.) University of Indianapolis Reviewed by A. James Fuller

The Journey of Crazy Horse: A Lakota History. By Joseph M. Marshall III. (New York: Viking Press, 2004. Pp. xxv, 310. $24.95.) Marietta College Reviewed by James H. O'Donnell III

Richard Nixon and the Quest for a New Majority. By Robert Mason. (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Pp. ix, 289. $39.95.) Princeton University Reviewed by Jonathan M. Schoenwald

Forgotten Founder: The Life and Times of Charles Pinckney. By Marty D. Matthews. (Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 2004. Pp. xix, 186. $29.95.) Austin Peay State University Reviewed by Richard P. Gildrie

Conflicts and Conspiracies: Brazil and Portugal, 1750–1808. By Kenneth Maxwell. (New York: Routledge, 2004. Pp. xxviii, 289. $26.95.) Brigham Young University Reviewed by Shawn W. Miller

Picturing Faith: Photography and the Great Depression. By Colleen McDannell. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2004. Pp. 319. $45.00.) Emory University Reviewed by Patrick Allitt

Righteous Propagation: African Americans and the Politics of Destiny After Reconstruction. By Michele Mitchell. (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Pp. xxi, 388. $22.50.) Shippensburg University Reviewed by David Fort Godshalk

Hellfire Nation: The Politics of Sin in American History. By James A. Morone. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2003. Pp. xii, 575. $18.00.) University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee Reviewed by J. David Hoeveler

The Fate of the Corps: What Became of the Lewis and Clark Explorers After the Expedition. By Larry E. Morris. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2004. Pp. xviii, 284. $30.00.) Durham Center for Western Studies, Joslyn Art Museum Reviewed by Stephen S. Witte

Faith in Reading: Religious Publishing and the Birth of Mass Media in America. By David Paul Nord. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. viii, 212. $35.00.) University of Dallas Reviewed by Thomas W. Jodziewicz

Ohio's First Peoples. By James H. O'Donnell III. (Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2004. Pp. 176. $17.95.) University of Toledo Reviewed by Barbara Alice Mann

Halls of Honor: College Men in the Old South. By Robert F. Pace. (Baton Rouge, La.: Louisiana State University Press, 2004. Pp. xiii, 152. $34.95.) University of Indianapolis Reviewed by James Fuller

Out in Public: Configurations of Women's Bodies in Nineteenth-Century America. By Alison Piepmeier. (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Pp. xi, 278. $19.95.) University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point Reviewed by Theresa Kaminski

European Capital, British Iron, and an American Dream: The Story of the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad. By William Reynolds. Edited by Peter K. Gifford and Robert D. Ilisevich. (Akron, Ohio: University of Akron Press, 2002. Pp. xviii, 258. $44.95.) Hicks and Associates, Inc. Reviewed by Robert G. Angevine

The Death of Reconstruction: Race, Labor, and Politics in the Post-Civil War North, 1865–1901. By Heather Cox Richardson. (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2001. Pp. xvii, 312. $39.95.) University of Akron Reviewed by Richard L. Aynes

Subverting Colonial Authority: Challenges to Spanish Rule in Eighteenth-Century Southern Andes. By Sergio Serulnikov. (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2003. Pp. viii, 287. $23.95.) New York University Reviewed by Sinclair Thomson

The Red Pencil: Convictions from Experience in Education. By Theodore Sizer. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2004. Pp. xx, 131. $23.00.) Slippery Rock University Reviewed by Richard J. Altenbaugh

Loyalty and Loss: Alabama's Unionists in the Civil War and Reconstruction. By Margaret M. Storey. (Baton Rouge, La.: Louisiana State University Press, 2004. Pp. xv, 296. $49.95.) Ohio State University, Columbus Reviewed by David A. Lincove

Doctoring the South: Southern Physicians and Everyday Medicine in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. By Steven M. Stowe. (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Pp. x, 373. $45.00.) Fort Lewis College Reviewed by Duane A. Smith

Can't Find My Way: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945–2000. By Martin Torgoff. (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004. Pp. vii, 545. $27.95.) Temple University Reviewed by David Farber

Shades of Hiawatha: Shaping Indians, Making Americans, 1880–1930. By Alan Trachtenberg. (New York: Hill and Wang, 2004. Pp. xxv, 370. $30.00.) University of Nebraska at Omaha Reviewed by Bruce E. Johansen

Legislating Racism: The Billion Dollar Congress and the Birth of Jim Crow. By Thomas Adam Upchurch. (Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky, 2004. Pp. xiv, 302. $40.00.) Indiana University–Bloomington Reviewed by Vernon J. Williams Jr.

The Antebellum Period. By James M. Volo and Dorothy Denneen Volo. (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004. Pp. viii, 401. $49.95.) DePauw University Reviewed by Valarie H. Ziegler

Asia and the Pacific

The Waitangi Tribunal and New Zealand History. By Giselle Byrnes. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. ix, 222. $35.00.) University of Otago Reviewed by Tom Brooking

Publishing, Culture, and Power in Early Modern China. By Kai-wing Chow. (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2004. Pp. xv, 397. $49.50.) School of Oriental and African Studies, London Reviewed by Craig Clunas

The Long March: Xenophon and the Ten Thousand. Edited by Robin Lane Fox. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2004. Pp. xi, 288. $45.00.) University of Cambridge Reviewed by Paul Cartledge

The Indian Ocean in World History. By Milo Kearney. (New York: Routledge, 2004. Pp. 188. $17.95.) University of New Mexico Reviewed by Patricia Risso

New Times in Modern Japan. By Stefan Tanaka. (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004. Pp. x, 225. $29.95.) University of South Carolina Reviewed by W. Dean Kinzley


Five Empresses: Court Life in Eighteenth-Century Russia. By Evgenii V. Anisimov. Translated by Kathleen Carol. (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2004. Pp. 368. $44.95.) Baruch College & the Graduate Center–City University of New York Reviewed by Cynthia Hyla Whittaker

Brahms and the German Spirit. By Daniel Beller-McKenna. (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2004. Pp. xi, 243. $49.95.) Mansfield University Reviewed by Mark-Daniel Schmid

From Penitence to Charity: Pious Women and the Catholic Reformation in Paris. By Barbara B. Diefendorf. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. xi, 340. $55.00.) George Mason University Reviewed by Mack P. Holt

German Strategy and the Path to Verdun: Erich von Falkenhayn and the Development of Attrition, 1870–1916. By Robert T. Foley. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Pp. xiv, 301. $70.00.) San Diego State University Reviewed by Neil M. Heyman

Lordship, Reform, and the Development of Civil Society in Medieval Italy: The Bishopric of Orvieto, 1100–1250. By David Foote. (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 2004. Pp. xiv, 254. $25.00.) Asbury College Reviewed by Burnam W. Reynolds

Paris, the Provinces and the French Revolution. By Alan Forrest. (London: Arnold, 2004. Pp. viii, 259. $19.95.) Emory University Reviewed by Douglas Palmer

Victorians and the Prehistoric: Tracks to a Lost World. By Michael Freeman. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2004. Pp. x, 310. $45.00.) National University of Singapore Reviewed by Stephen L. Keck

Endkampf: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Death of the Third Reich. By Stephen G. Fritz. (Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky, 2004. Pp. xvii, 382. $35.00.) Albion College Reviewed by Geoffrey Cocks

First Nights at the Opera. By Thomas Forrest Kelly. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2004. Pp. xvii, 441. $35.00.) University of Maryland Reviewed by Jacqueline Letzter

Making Friends with Hitler: Lord Londonderry, the Nazis and the Road to War. By Ian Kershaw. (New York: Penguin Press, 2004. Pp. xix, 464. $29.95.) Wabash College Reviewed by James J. Barnes

An Amazing Grace: John Thornton and the Clapham Sect. By Milton Klein. (New Orleans, La.: University Press of the South, 2004. Pp. xv, 160. $12.95.) University of Arkansas–Little Rock Reviewed by Moira Maguire

Fleeting Rome: In Search of la Dolce Vita. By Carlo Levi. (Chichester, West Sussex: John Wiley and Sons, 2004. Pp. xxxvii, 280. $24.95.) Norfolk State University Reviewed by Charles H. Ford

Ancient Greek Religion. By Jon D. Mikalson. (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2005. Pp. xiii, 225. $64.95.) Northwestern University Reviewed by Daniel H. Garrison

Moving Europeans: Migration in Western Europe since 1650. By Leslie Page Moch. (Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 2003. Pp. xvii, 273. $24.95.) University of Sussex Reviewed by Russell King

The Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia. By Richard Overy. (New York: W.W. Norton, 2004. Pp. xl, 849. $35.00.) Mississippi State University Reviewed by Johnpeter Horst Grill

Carl Peters and German Imperialism 1856–1918. A Political Biography. By Arne Perras. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. xii, 286. $35.00.) University of Massachusetts, Boston Reviewed by Woodruff D. Smith

Children of the Promise: The Confraternity of the Purification and the Socialization of Youths in Florence, 1427–1785. By Lorenzo Polizzotto. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. xvi, 381. $120.00.) University of Louisville Reviewed by Blake R. Beattie

The Battle of Salamis: The Naval Encounter That Saved Greece and Western Civilization. By Barry Strauss. (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004. Pp. xxi, 294. $25.00.) Austin Peay State University Reviewed by Timothy F. Winters

General, Comparative, Historigraphical

Stranded in the Present: Modern Time and the Melancholy of History. By Peter Fritzsche. (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2004. Pp. 268. $27.95.) University of Victoria Reviewed by John R. Hinde

The Eastern Origins of Western Civilisation. By John M. Hobson. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. xv, 376. $75.00.) University of Alabama Reviewed by Catherine Pagani

The Lost Land of Lemuria: Fabulous Geographies, Catastrophic Histories. By Sumathi Ramaswamy. (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 2004. Pp. xvii, 334. $60.00.) University of Hawai'i Reviewed by Surojit M. Gupta

Hating America: A History. By Barry Rubin and Judith Colp Rubin. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. xi, 307. $29.95.) Adelphi University Reviewed by Dominick Cavallo

Maps, Myths, and Men: The Story of the Vínland Map. By Kirsten Seaver. (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2004. Pp. xxi, 480. $24.95.) Weber State University Reviewed by Lee Sather

Understanding Early Civilizations: A Comparative Study. By Bruce G. Trigger. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Pp. xii, 757. $50.00.) University of Oxford Reviewed by Andrew Sherratt