• steroid-eluting leads;
  • sensing;
  • R wave amplitude

SCHUCHERT, A., ET AL.: Chronic Ventricular Electrograms: Do Steroid-Eluting Leads differ from Conventional Leads? The aim of steroid-eluting leads is to reduce chronic pacing thresholds. Whether steroid-eluting leads also modify acute and chronic R wave amplitudes as well as R wave sensing of the pulse generator was investigated in 31 patients with a unipolar ventricular pacemaker. Four different leads were implanted: Two steroid-eluting leads with different electrode surface areas (8 mm2 and 5.8 mm2) and two conventional leads (Target Tip, Elgiloy lead). At implantation filtered R wave amplitudes, peak-to-peak values, and slew rates were measured by a pacing system analyzer. One year after implantation R wave amplitudes were directly determined from intracardiac electrograms and compared to the peak-to-peak data at implantation. Additionally, R wave inhibition was evaluated at a sensitivity setting of 5 mV. There were no differences among the four leads in respect to any of the parameters studied at implantation. At follow-up, no differences in R wave amplitudes were found leading to an appropriate sensing in all leads. Steroid-eluting leads did not differ from conventional leads and a smaller electrode surface area of 5.8 mm2 had no influence on ventricular electrogram. Together with a pacemaker with an input impedance of 37 kohms R wave sensing was a correct setting of 5 mV.