• dual chamber pacing;
  • carotid sinus hypersensitivity;
  • vasovagal syndrome;
  • atrioventricular conduction problems

GIRODO, S., ET AL.: Improved Dual Chamber Pacing Mode in Paroxysmal Atrioventricular Conduction Disorders.Dual chamber pacing may sometimes be directly indicated for carotid sinus hypersensitivity, vasovagal syndrome, and certain cases of sinoatrial block and intermittent atrioventricular (AV) block, although AV conduction is dominantly normal. At times of normal AV conduction, competition between ventricular pacing and spontaneous ventricular depolarization may occur, with its adverse hemodynamic effects on ventricular function and unnecessary drainage of pacemaker battery energy. A new mode of stimulation is described, called automatic DDD mode, which functions in ‘pseudo-AAI’ mode during normal AV conduction and reverts to classical DDD function during episodes of AV blocks. Furthermore, during pseudo-AAI function, the pacemaker measures certain physiological parameters that serve to automatically program certain parameters used in DDD mode. Preliminary clinical evaluation has shown that this new mode functions satisfactorily.