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Keywords:

  • long QT syndrome;
  • dispersion of repolarization;
  • transmural dispersion of repolarization

There is evidence from experimental studies that the time interval from the peak to the end of T-wave reflects the transmural dispersion in repolarization (electrical gradient) between myocardial “layers” (epicardial, M-cells, endocardial). Since Congenital Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) is considered to be classical disease or repolarisation abnormalities, we performed the present study to assess the transmtiral dispersion of repolarization in LQTS patients. The study group consisted of 17 patients: 7 LQTS pts and 10 pts from the control group. In each patient the 24-hour ECG recording was performed on magnetic tape. The interval from the peak to the end of the T-wave (TpTo) was automatically measured by Holter system during every hour as a measure of transmural dispersion of repolarisation. Thereafter the mean TpTo from 24-hours was calculated. In addition the spatial QT dispersion was measured from 12 lead ECG and 3 channel Holter tape as a difference between the shortest and the longest QT interval between leads. The values were compared between groups using the Anova test.

TpTo was 79,6±9,6 ms (72–92 ms) in LQTS group and 62,4±7,5 ms (51–70) in the control group (p< 0.001). In LQTS group TpTo was significantly longer at night hours 72,5±2 when compared to day hours 87,4±8 (p<0.01). The spatial QT dispersion was significantly higher in LQTS patients when compared to control, both in 12-lead standard and Holter ECG.

Congenital long QT syndrome is associated with increase in both transmural and spatial dispersion of repolarization. The extent of prolongation of the terminal portion of QT in patients with congenital long QT syndrome is greater at night sleep hours compared to daily activity.