Background:Risk stratification for Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) by intracardiac electrophysiology study (ICEPS) carries risks related to catheterization. We describe an alternative approach by using transesophageal electrophysiology study (TEEPS).
Methods:The pediatric electrophysiology database was reviewed for patients with WPW and no documented clinical supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) who underwent risk stratification by TEEPS from October 2005 to November 2010. Of those who underwent subsequent ICEPS, only those with data available to compare accessory pathway (AP) conduction during ICEPS and TEEPS were included.
Results:Of 65 patients who underwent TEEPS, 42 were found to have an indication for ablation. The most common indication for ICEPS was inducible SVT, which was induced in 67% of patients. Of 42 patients who underwent subsequent ICEPS, 23 had sufficient data for comparison of AP conduction between ICEPS and TEEPS. There was no difference between the baseline minimum 1:1 antegrade conduction through the accessory pathway found at TEEPS versus ICEPS (312 ± 51 ms vs 316 ± 66 ms, P = 0.5). There was no significant difference between the baseline antegrade AP-effective refractory period found at TEEPS versus ICEPS (308 ± 34 ms vs 297 ± 37 ms, P = 0.07). There were no complications related to TEEPS or ICEPS.
Conclusion:TEEPS is a safe and feasible alternative to ICEPS for risk stratification in patients with asymptomatic WPW and should be considered before ICEPS and ablation. (PACE 2012; 1–5)