Introduction: Quinidine has been evaluated in patients with a short QT-1 syndrome caused by an IKr gain-of-function mutation of HERG. Recently, in vitro data with disopyramide showed an even stronger effect on the N588K mutant current. The aim of the present study was to test the in vivo effects of disopyramide in patients with short QT-1 syndrome caused by a N588K mutation in HERG.
Methods and Results: Repetitive ECGs were recorded in two female patients with short QT-1 syndrome with a N588K-HERG mutation off drugs, on oral quinidine, and on oral disopyramide. One patient underwent exercise testing on drugs to determine the QT interval to heart rate relation, whereas the QT interval was calculated to the peak of the T wave in lead V3. In the same patient, drug-induced changes in ventricular effective refractory periods were determined by programmed ventricular stimulation via the ICD lead. Disopyramide increased the QT interval from QTc 329 ms/QTc 315 ms, respectively, off drugs to QTc 358 ms/QTc 333 ms in both patients and restored the heart rate dependence of the QT interval toward normal subjects (−0.39 ms/bpm off drugs, −0.58 ms/bpm on disopyramide vs. 1.29 ± 0.33 ms/bpm in normal subjects). The ventricular effective refractory period increased under disopyramide by 40 ms.
Conclusion: These preliminary observations suggest that oral disopyramide may be a suitable alternative to quinidine for prolonging the QT interval and ventricular effective refractory periods in patients with short QT-1 syndrome. Further studies of this pharmacologic approach are warranted.