Introduction: There are no randomized controlled trial data that evaluate mortality and hospitalization rates in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) recipients based on left ventricular (LV) lead location. We analyzed the event-driven outcomes of mortality and hospitalization as well as functional outcomes including Functional Class, Quality-of-Life, and 6-minute walk distance in 1,520 patients enrolled in the COMPANION study of CRT versus optimal medical therapy.
Methods and Results: Over a mean follow-up after implantation of 16.2 months, patients randomized to CRT, regardless of lead location, experienced benefit compared with optimized pharmacologic therapy (OPT), with respect to all-cause mortality or heart failure hospitalization. All but a posterior location showed benefit with respect to the all-cause mortality or all-cause hospitalization outcome. Mortality benefit in CRT-D patients was indifferent to LV lead position. All functional outcomes including 6-minute walk distance, Quality-of-Life (QOL) and Functional Class improved with CRT, regardless of LV lead location.
Conclusion: LV lead location was not a major determinant of multiple measures of response to CRT therapy in the COMPANION Trial. While acute data indicate that a left lateral LV lead location results in the most favorable hemodynamic response, these chronic data suggest that positioning an LV lead in an anterior rather than a lateral or posterior LV location has similar benefit.