MADIT II Criteria for Implantable Cardioverter. Background: MADIT-II demonstrated that prophylactic implantation of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) device prevents sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). It remains unclear whether the MADIT-II criteria for ICD implantation are appropriate for Chinese patients.
Methods and Results: We compared the clinical characteristics and outcome for a cohort of consecutive Chinese patients who satisfied MADIT-II criteria for ICD implantation with the original published MADIT-II population. Seventy consecutive patients who satisfied MADIT-II criteria but did not undergo ICD implantation (age: 67 years, male: 77%) were studied. Their baseline demographics were comparable with the original MADIT-II cohort with the exception of a higher incidence of diabetes mellitus. After follow-up of 35 months, most deaths (78%) were due to cardiac causes (72% due to SCD). The 2-year SCD rate (10.0%) was comparable with that of the MADIT-II conventional group (12.1%), but higher than the MADIT-II defibrillator group (4.9%). Similarly, the 2-year non-SCD rate was 3.0%, also comparable with the MADIT-II conventional group (4.6%), but lower than the MADIT-II defibrillator group (7.0%). Cox regression analysis revealed that advance NYHA function class (Hazard Ratio [HR]: 3.5, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.48–8.24, P = 0.004) and the lack of statin therapy (HR: 3.7, 95%CI: 1.35–10.17, P = 0.011) were independent predictors for mortality in the MADIT-II eligible patients.
Conclusion: Chinese patients who satisfy MADIT-II criteria for ICD implantation are at similar risk of SCD and non-SCD as the original MADIT-II subjects. Implantation of an ICD in Chinese patients is appropriate. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 21, pp. 231–235, March 2010)